Comment on page
This is the main page. Here you can find the typical workflow for the pentesting of a machine
Do you use Hacktricks every day? Did you find the book very useful? Would you like to receive extra help with cybersecurity questions? Would you like to find more and higher quality content on Hacktricks? Support Hacktricks through github sponsors so we can dedicate more time to it and also get access to the Hacktricks private group where you will get the help you need and much more!
If you want to know about my latest modifications/additions or you have any suggestion for HackTricks or PEASS, join the 💬telegram group, or follow me on Twitter 🐦@carlospolopm. If you want to share some tricks with the community you can also submit pull requests to https://github.com/carlospolop/hacktricks that will be reflected in this book and don't forget to give ⭐ on github to motivate me to continue developing this book.
Do you have physical access to the machine that you want to attack? You should read some tricks about physical attacks and others about **[escaping from GUI applications**](physical-attacks/escaping-from-gui-applications/).
Depending if the test you are perform is an internal or external test you may be interested on finding hosts inside the company network (internal test) or finding assets of the company on the internet (external test).
Note that if you are performing an external test, once you manage to obtain access to the internal network of the company you should re-start this guide.
This section only applies if you are performing an internal test. Before attacking a host maybe you prefer to steal some credentials from the network or sniff some data to learn passively/actively(MitM) what can you find inside the network. You can read Pentesting Network.
Once you know which services are running, and maybe their version, you have to search for known vulnerabilities. Maybe you get lucky and there is a exploit to give you a shell...
If there isn't any fancy exploit for any running service, you should look for common misconfigurations in each service running.
Inside this book you will find a guide to pentest the most common services (and others that aren't so common). Please, search in the left index the PENTESTING section (the services are ordered by their default ports).
If your service is not inside the index, search in Google for other tutorials and let me know if you want me to add it. If you can't find anything in Google, perform your own blind pentesting, you could start by connecting to the service, fuzzing it and reading the responses (if any).
There are also several tools that can perform automatic vulnerabilities assessments. I would recommend you to try Legion, which is the tool that I have created and it's based on the notes about pentesting services that you can find in this book.
If at this point you haven't found any interesting vulnerability you may need to try some phishing in order to get inside the network. You can read my phishing methodology here:
Specially in Windows you could need some help to avoid antiviruses: **[Check this page](windows/av-bypass.md).**
If you have troubles with the shell, you can find here a small compilation of the most useful commands for pentesters:
You will probably need to extract some data from the victim or even introduce something (like privilege escalation scripts). Here you have a post about common tools that you can use with these purposes.
Here you can find a methodology explaining the most common actions to enumerate, escalate privileges and persist on an Active Directory. Even if this is just a subsection of a section, this process could be extremely delicate on a Pentesting/Red Team assignment.
TODO: Complete persistence Post in Windows & Linux
With the gathered credentials you could have access to other machines, or maybe you need to discover and scan new hosts (start the Pentesting Methodology again) inside new networks where your victim is connected. In this case tunnelling could be necessary. Here you can find a post talking about tunnelling. You definitely should also check the post about Active Directory pentesting Methodology. There you will find cool tricks to move laterally, escalate privileges and dump credentials. Check also the page about NTLM, it could be very useful to pivot on Windows environments..